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Recognition technology a step closer to use in courtroom

Science Daily AI - Wed, 2017-06-21 14:59
Brain-based memory recognition technology may be one step closer to court. A report suggests American jurors can appropriately integrate the evidence in their evaluations of criminal defendants, which could ultimately lead to an additional expert witness on the stand.

Face recognition system 'K-Eye'

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-15 08:07
Scientists have developed a semiconductor chip, CNNP (CNN Processor), that runs AI algorithms with ultra-low power, and K-Eye, a face recognition system using CNNP.

Robot uses deep learning and big data to write and play its own music

Science Daily AI - Wed, 2017-06-14 10:04
A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab in the USA. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning.

Learning with light: New system allows optical 'deep learning'

Science Daily AI - Mon, 2017-06-12 13:35
Computer scientists have come up with a new approach to complex computations, using light instead of electricity. The approach could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of such learning systems.

Comparing student performance on paper-and-pencil and computer-based-tests

Science Daily AI - Mon, 2017-06-12 09:57
Based on a study of more than 30,000 elementary, middle, and high school students conducted in winter 2015–16, researchers found that elementary and middle school students scored lower on a computer-based test that did not allow them to return to previous items than on two comparable tests—paper- or computer-based—that allowed them to skip, review, and change previous responses.

Smiling during victory could hurt future chances of cooperation

Science Daily AI - Fri, 2017-06-09 07:12
Researchers have studied how reacting with a smile affects game outcomes, hoping one day to empower virtual humans with this knowledge.

How the brain recognizes what the eye sees

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-08 12:56
New work outlining the brain's visual process could improve self-driving cars and point to therapies for sensory impairment, suggest investigators.

Self-learning robot hands

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-08 10:39
A new system that learns how to grasp objects has been developed by a team of researchers.

Combatting weeds with lasers

Science Daily AI - Wed, 2017-06-07 07:41
A robot automatically identifies weeds in a field and combats them with a short laser pulse. Sustainable agriculture, which avoids the use of herbicides as far as possible, could benefit from this smart idea.

Tactile sensor gives robots new capabilities

Science Daily AI - Mon, 2017-06-05 13:02
Eight years ago, researchers unveiled a new sensor technology, called GelSight, that uses physical contact with an object to provide a remarkably detailed 3-D map of its surface. Now, by mounting GelSight sensors on the grippers of robotic arms, two teams have given robots greater sensitivity and dexterity.

Meet the most nimble-fingered robot ever built

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-01 17:27
Roboticists have a built a robot that can pick up and move unfamiliar, real-world objects with a 99 percent success rate.

Scientists slash computations for deep learning

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-01 11:56
Computer scientists have adapted a widely used technique for rapid data-lookup to slash the amount of computation -- and thus energy and time -- required for 'deep learning.'

Artificial intelligence predicts patient lifespans

Science Daily AI - Thu, 2017-06-01 10:41
A computer's ability to predict a patient's lifespan simply by looking at images of their organs is a step closer to becoming a reality, thanks to new research.

Shuichiro Takeda Awarded Centennial Fellowship

AMS Feed - Wed, 2017-05-31 23:00

Shuichiro Takeda of the University of Missouri has been awarded the prestigious AMS Centennial Fellowship for the 2017-2018 academic year. The fellowship carries a stipend of US$91,000, plus an expense allowance of US$9,100. (Photo by Kyle Newell-Groshong.)

Shuichiro Takeda obtained a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Tokyo University of Science and master's degrees in philosophy and mathematics from San Francisco State University. In 2006, he earned a PhD in mathematics from the University of Pennsylvania. After postdoctoral positions at various institutions, he joined the faculty at the University of Missouri, where he is currently an associate professor. Takeda's research focuses on automorphic forms and representations of p-adic groups, especially from the point of view of the Langlands program. He will use the Centennial Fellowship to visit the National University of Singapore during the academic year 2017-2018.

Established in 1988 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the AMS, the Centennial Fellowship plays a special role by supporting outstanding young mathematicians at a critical stage in their careers, as they make the transition from the postdoctoral/junior faculty stage to senior positions. The primary selection criterion is excellence in research achievement. Many Centennial Fellows have gone on to become leaders in the field.

Support for the Centennial Fellowship comes from an AMS endowment, as well as from individual mathematicians who each year make generous donations to support AMS programs.

Find out more about the AMS Centennial Fellowship.

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Founded in 1888 to further mathematical research and scholarship, today the American Mathematical Society fulfills its mission through programs and services that promote mathematical research and its uses, strengthen mathematical education, and foster awareness and appreciation of mathematics and its connections to other disciplines and to everyday life.

Categories: Math and Stats

Interactive tool helps novices and experts make custom robots

Science Daily AI - Tue, 2017-05-30 09:50
A new interactive design tool enables both novices and experts to build customized legged or wheeled robots using 3-D-printed components and off-the-shelf actuators.

AMS Names Mass Media Fellow

AMS Feed - Thu, 2017-05-25 23:00

The AMS has awarded Benjamin Thompson the 2017 AMS-AAAS Mass Media Fellowship.  Ben is a mathematics PhD student at Boston University studying Algebraic Geometry.  He will work this summer at Voice of America.

The AAAS Mass Media Science & Engineering Fellows program is organized by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).  This competitive program is designed to improve public understanding of science and technology by placing advanced undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate science, mathematics and engineering students in media outlets nationwide.  The fellows work for 10 weeks over the summer as reporters, researchers and production assistants alongside media professionals to sharpen their communication skills and increase their understanding of the editorial process by which events and ideas become news.

In its 43rd year, this fellowship program has placed over 670 fellows in media organizations nationwide as they research, write and report today’s headlines. The program is designed to report science-related issues in the media in easy to understand ways so as to improve public understanding and appreciation for science and technology.

For more information on the AAAS Mass Media Science & Engineering Fellows Program, visit the website


Categories: Math and Stats

AMS Hosts Capitol Hill Exhibit

AMS Feed - Thu, 2017-05-25 23:00

The AMS sponsored an exhibit at the 23rd annual Coalition for National Science Funding (CNSF) Exhibition & Reception on Capitol Hill held on May 16, 2017. Lea Jenkins, Clemson University, made a presentation entitled “Berry Smart: Mathematics for Food and Water Security” describing her team’s work on helping farmers manage crop portfolios and maintain profitability while minimizing water usage. Learn more

Categories: Math and Stats

Shedding light on how humans walk, with robots

Science Daily AI - Wed, 2017-05-24 12:07
Patients walking in clinical robotic suits do not modify their gait in response to forces that are meant to alter the height of their steps, though they do respond to alterations in step length, providing insight into how the human brain executes walking and improving rehabilitative robot design, researchers have discovered.

This Week in Washington

AMS Feed - Tue, 2017-05-23 23:00

The week that began on May 23, 2017 was an exciting one for AMS members who follow federal activity related to the National Science Foundation, and the annual Congressional budget process.

On Tuesday, the White House released President Trump’s full budget proposal for FY2018, titled “A New Foundation for American Greatness.” This followed the March release of his budget blueprint. The proposal is devastating for science and reduces non-defense discretionary (NDD) funding in order to increase defense spending. The document lays out 479 billion dollars for non-defense programs, which amounts to 57 billion dollars less than current spending. The White House has proposed slashing funding for all federal departments besides Department of Defense, Veterans Affairs and Homeland Security.

It is critically important to remember that Congress—and not the President—is charged with the final appropriations, and that legislators take great pride in their responsibility for and ability to direct federal funding. And, it is worth noting that President Trump also proposed significant cuts to science for FY2017 but that the actual budget put in place by Congress was much more favorable for the NSF and other science agencies. We are grateful to our supporters in Congress. See the Washington Office blog for more on the annual Congressional budget process.

On Tuesday afternoon, Washington Office Director Karen Saxe attended the NSF’s FY2018 Budget Overview. NSF’s FY 2018 budget request is 6.653 billion dollars, a decrease of 840.98 million dollars (-11.2%) over the FY 2016 actual investment. This funding will support approximately 8,000 new research grants, with an estimated funding rate of 19% for research grant proposals submitted to NSF. For comparison, in FY 2016, NSF funded 8,800 new research grants, with a funding rate of 21%. The Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences is proposed to fair slightly better than the NSF overall, and is scheduled to lose 9.6% of its budget. A bipartisan group of 164 House members sent a letter on April 4 to the appropriations subcommittee responsible for NSF’s budget, urging it to fund the agency at an $8 billion level; the AMS supported this letter. Stay tuned to the Washington Office blog as the Congressional budget process unfolds.

The 11% from the National Science Foundation pales in comparison to the requested 44% cut from the Environmental Protection Agency’s science and technology programs or the Energy Department’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy proposed 69% reduction. On Wednesday morning, Karen Saxe attended a hearing in the House of Representatives to examine the overhead costs for conducting federal taxpayer-funded research at universities and non-profit research institutions, focusing on how the NSF negotiates and monitors indirect costs. Overhead costs emerged as a topic of discussion in Congress this year after Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price suggested that President Trump’s proposed budget cuts to the National Institutes of Health could be absorbed by reducing the amount that NIH provides grant recipients for “indirect” or overhead costs. Each university (or other grant-recipient organization) negotiates its overhead rate with the federal government individually; rates vary from less than 1% to over 60%. Currently about 22% of the entire research budget from NSF is used to pay these costs. Overhead money is used for many expenditures including to fulfill compliance requirements, and to pay for construction and maintenance of research facilities, HVAC, biocontainment facilities, graduate student tuition, IT and library resources.

Learn more about funding and the ways of Washington on the Capital Currents blog.

Categories: Math and Stats

Parasitic robot system for waypoint navigation of turtle

Science Daily AI - Tue, 2017-05-23 06:35
Scientists have presented a hybrid animal-robot interaction called "the parasitic robot system," that imitates the nature relationship between parasites and host.


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